Macro photography how to
Macro photography, otherwise known as extreme close-up photography, allows a photographer to take close-up shots of very small objects in which the subject of the photograph is shown far greater than life size. In order to get very good macro photos, a photographer may have to invest in a special macro lens and potentially a special camera with proper settings that allow macro mode.
Because of advances in sensor technology incorporated in many digital cameras today, it is possible for many leading DSLR cameras to take picture-perfect macro shots using their various preset modes on the camera. Where a previous photographer may have had to invest in a special macro lens many of the leading Digital SLR cameras now come ready to point and shoot perfect macro photos.
In the past and with many macro lenses, extension tubes or bellows have been used as another equipment option for capturing macro photography. The photographer would space the lens out from the film or the digital sensor to allow for greater magnification and help to pick up more of the fine details within a macro image. Using this sort of setup with the proper macro lens will allow you to take vibrant pictures of insects where all of the details will spring forth from the photo. Tiny things that may have been missed by sensor without the lens and the extension accessories will appear much more contrasted and detailed when using this method.
One of the hardest details to get right with macro photography is the lighting. The lighting that is required for macro photo is usually somewhat different than what you would need for getting a traditional portrait or landscape photo. Because the camera lense is usually very close to the subject in the macro photo it can be difficult to actually put light on the subject. In some cases depending on the direction of light the lens will even reduce some of the light on the subject. Ring flashes, LEDs, and telephoto macro lenses are usually the way that this lighting issue is overcome. By constantly putting light on the subject matter where natural light falls or by spacing the lens further back and giving enough space for the light to be drawn in onto the subject, the photographer can have much more success in getting good macro shots.
The depth of field in macro photography is also something that is well worth considering. Because the subject in the macro photo is usually quite small and the focus can be off with even just 1 mm difference, it is extremely important that you focus on one element of the subject. Using certain lenses to take pictures of insects for instance may only allow you to put half of the insect in perfect focus. Because of this factor, it is quite difficult to get in any of the background or extra elements that you may want to include in your photo. Many digital cameras and photo editing software come with focus stacking which will pick out the sharpest parts of an image and artificially increase the depth of field. These can be really helpful as the photographer becomes more accomplished in their macro photography.
By exploring macro photography a photographer can really expand their portfolio and get some great shots of things that people normally would not see in such detail.